FRIDAY, Aug. 26, 2022 (HealthDay Information)
This 12 months’s hurricane season has been quiet up to now, but when and when it cranks up many American cities will not be ready to execute mass evacuations, a brand new research finds.
After Hurricane Katrina slammed into New Orleans in 2005, the nation bore witness to the pitfalls of not having an efficient evacuation plan. Since then solely marginal enhancements have been made within the 50 largest U.S. cities, researchers report.
For the research, they reviewed metropolis emergency plans from the time-frame after Katrina and earlier than the COVID-19 pandemic.
The researchers scored the 50 cities based mostly on a ranking system that features 4 designations: weak, 0-4 factors; reasonable, 5-7 factors; robust, 8-10 factors; and N/A, plans that weren’t reviewed.
The researchers discovered that solely seven cities had robust plans, together with Charlotte, N.C.; Cleveland; Jacksonville; Miami; New Orleans; New York Metropolis, and Philadelphia.
Twenty cities had a reasonable ranking, six cities had a weak ranking and 17 had plans that weren’t out there or don’t exist. Cities the place plans weren’t discovered embody Atlanta, Chicago, Detroit, Las Vegas, Los Angeles and Minneapolis.
“Whereas it’s promising that extra cities are growing evacuation plans, general it stays disheartening that not each metropolis was in a position to be taught the teachings of not being ready, particularly for carless and susceptible populations, as showcased to the nation through the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina in 2005,” mentioned researcher John Renne. He is director of the Heart for City and Environmental Options at Florida Atlantic College.
The general objective of the research was to develop a strategy to evaluate plans, and to work towards a regular strategy for evaluating evacuation plans for susceptible populations and other people with out automobiles.
“In reply to the query we posed in our paper, ‘What has America realized since Hurricane Katrina?’ — the reply based mostly on our findings is clearly: not sufficient,” Renne mentioned in a college information launch.
“Many cities which have robust plans, together with Jacksonville, Miami, New Orleans and New York, are coastal cities which have skilled robust hurricanes prior to now,” he mentioned. “This research lends help to the idea that cities don’t develop robust evacuation plans, ones that accommodate the wants of all folks, except they’ve already skilled a significant catastrophe or are beneath a menace.”
The report was printed not too long ago within the Worldwide Journal of Catastrophe Danger Discount.
For extra on planning for a catastrophe, go to Prepared.Gov.
SOURCE: Florida Atlantic College, information launch, Aug. 24, 2022
By Steven Reinberg HealthDay Reporter
Copyright © 2021 HealthDay. All rights reserved.